Is CBD oil legal in Ohio?
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- What is CBD?
- Why is CBD sometimes illegal?
- Ohio CBD laws
- Where to buy CBD in Ohio
- How to read CBD labels and packaging
Yes. Cannabidiol (CBD) products derived from hemp are legal in Ohio. The state is working to set up rules around the cultivation and sale of hemp and hemp-derived CBD products. Like many states, Ohio passed its own legislation following approval of the 2018 Farm Bill, which legalized hemp nationwide.
Ohio is developing licensing procedures for hemp growers and processors. Licenses are not required to sell or purchase hemp or CBD products. Consumers should soon find CBD-infused items available in more places, though the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), placed in charge of hemp and CBD products under the 2018 Farm Bill, is still developing rules and cautions buyers to choose carefully.
What is CBD?
CBD is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. It’s the second-most-abundant cannabinoid in cannabis behind THC, which has intoxicating effects. Many people use CBD for its purported ability to reduce pain, inflammation, and anxiety, as well as to reduce or suppress seizures. It can be derived from either marijuana or hemp plants. In many countries, hemp is legal because it contains negligible levels of THC.
CBD stands for cannabidiol, a non-intoxicating substance found in cannabis. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Why is CBD sometimes illegal?
The 1970 Federal Controlled Substances Act categorized all types of cannabis, including hemp, as Schedule I, defined as a substance with a high potential for abuse, no accepted medical use, and a likelihood for addiction. The act prevented further research that may have shed light on beneficial uses for cannabis.
Things changed with the passage of the 2014 Farm Bill, which recognized the difference between hemp and marijuana. The measure distinguished hemp as having less than 0.3% THC, while marijuana plants contained more than 0.3%.
To meet federal legal criteria, CBD oil must contain no more than 0.3 percent THC. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
The 2018 Farm Bill removed hemp from the list of controlled substances, though marijuana with more than 0.3% THC remains illegal at the federal level and in states without medical or recreational legalization. CBD derived from marijuana plants is, therefore, still illegal while hemp-derived CBD is legal.
The Farm Bill also gave the (FDA) authority to regulate CBD product labeling, therapeutic claims, and its use as a food additive. Despite the passage of the Farm Bill, the FDA has taken the stance that even hemp-derived CBD may not be added to food and beverages, nor marketed as a dietary supplement.
While the FDA has begun a process of re-evaluating that stance, it has yet to revise its rules or specifically regulate CBD products. The FDA has been strict when it comes to health claims that could be construed as medical advice about CBD. In July 2019, the FDA sent a letter to retailer Curaleaf outlining a bevy of regulations they were violating by making such claims. In April 2019, the FDA also warned three CBD makers about making unproven health claims.
The bill also allows some states to make their own rules for CBD cultivation and sale. States may also try to regulate CBD in food, beverages, dietary supplements, and other products instead of waiting for final FDA rules.
Ohio CBD laws
In July 2019, Ohio passed SB 57, decriminalizing hemp and setting up a regulatory framework to license hemp cultivation. Ohio was one of many states that has regulated industrial hemp production as a crop following the passage of the 2018 Farm Bill.
In accordance with federal law, Ohio’s bill set the standard for hemp versus marijuana at a 0.3% THC cutoff. In Ohio, CBD is legal for use in food, dietary supplements, cosmetics, and personal care products, among other products. According to Ohio law, hemp growers and processors must be licensed and CBD products must be tested, though both of those processes are still being worked out by state lawmakers.
SB 57 requires licenses for growing or processing hemp are valid for three years and are not available to anyone convicted of drug-related charges in the past 10 years. No license is required to sell or purchase CBD in Ohio.
Ohio CBD possession limits
There are no possession limits for hemp-derived CBD at this time. CBD products with more than 0.3% THC remains illegal to sell, possess, and consume unless registered under Ohio’s medical marijuana program.
There are no possession limits for hemp-derived CBD at this time. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps
Where to buy CBD in Ohio
While major drugstore chains currently sell hemp-derived CBD products in some states, Ohio is not yet one of them. Smaller, local pharmacies and health food stores may offer it. More locations will likely begin to carry CBD products as the state works out its licensing process.
Shopping online is an option since the U.S. Postal Service has confirmed that legal CBD products may be shipped by mail. CBD products can usually be found online at the websites of specific brands.
How to read CBD labels and packaging
As of September 2019, the FDA does not allow CBD-infused food, drinks, or dietary supplements to be sold, and hasn’t reached a conclusion on regulating hemp-derived CBD products. While the FDA slowly and cautiously approaches making new regulations for CBD products, the gap between regulated products and anything goes grows wider, leaving consumers at risk of buying poor-quality products. When buying CBD products look for these on the label:
- Amount of active CBD per serving
- Supplement Fact Panel, including other ingredients
- Net weight
- Manufacturer or distributor name
- Suggested use
- Full spectrum, broad spectrum, or isolate
- Batch or date code
One of the most important things to pay attention to is if a CBD product is full spectrum, broad spectrum, or isolate.
Full-spectrum means that the CBD has been extracted from a hemp plant along with all other chemicals in the plant, including terpenes and trace amounts of THC. Consuming full-spectrum CBD may yield better results due to a phenomenon known as the entourage effect, which happens when cannabis compounds work together to bolster the benefits of the plant.
Broad-spectrum means that the product contains CBD and terpenes, but has undergone additional processes to strip out THC.
Finally, CBD isolate is a product that has gone through more intensive processing to remove everything except for pure CBD. Consuming isolate may produce different effects than full-spectrum or broad-spectrum CBD, as these products do not produce the entourage effect. However, CBD isolate may be preferable for someone looking to avoid even trace amounts of THC.
Is CBD oil legal in Ohio? Copy article link to clipboard. Link copied to clipboard. Contents What is CBD? Why is CBD sometimes illegal? Ohio CBD laws Where to buy CBD
2021 Complete Guide
OH CBD 2021
In this Complete 2021 Ohio CBD Guide we’re going to discuss Ohio hemp and CBD laws as well as answer some of the more frequently asked questions such as: is CBD oil legal in Ohio? Can you legally grow hemp in Ohio? Can you make your own CBD oil? And can anyone in Ohio sell CBD? Let’s get rolling.
Hemp comes to Ohio
In the summer of 2019, out in the back of the Ohio Department of Agriculture campus in Reynoldsburg, Ohio, about 15 miles east of Columbus, agency officials planted some hemp clones. To be exact, one hundred clones of CBD-rich strains of hemp were planted. What’s interesting about this is that these were the first hemp plants to be legally cultivated in Ohio in decades.
Before the US federal government banned cannabis in 1937, Ohio farmers were growing thousands of acres of hemp. Although hemp prohibition was lifted briefly during World War II it was short-lived.
But now, seven decades later, hemp is again growing in the Buckeye State.
The ODA planting stemmed from the July 2019 passage and signing of Ohio Senate Bill 57. The measure officially legalized the cultivation of non-intoxicating strains of cannabis (aka hemp) as well as the production and sale of CBD oil produced from hemp.
Before SB57, hemp and CBD were lumped together with marijuana. Therefore their purchase and use were only allowed by card-carrying medical marijuana patients. Under the new laws, however, hemp-derived CBD products immediately became legal for all Ohioans — not just medical marijuana patients.
Ohio’s Department of Agriculture was tasked with creating rules and regulations for hemp cultivation and processing.
According to House Agriculture Committee Chairman Kyle Koehler, there are three main regulations that the state has to include:
- Hemp must contain less than 0.3 percent THC.
- The Ohio Department of Agriculture must track all hemp being grown in the state.
- All hemp growers must be licensed through the Department of Agriculture.
CBD in Ohio
Although CBD was being sold before the law was passed, it’s popularity exploded once it became legal. Ohioans were buying CBD oil from gas stations, health food stores, and smoke shops across the state.
However, they weren’t buying their CBD products from Ohio farmers. In fact, all of the CBD oil being sold in Ohio was imported from other states and still is as of the time of writing. That’s because farming hemp is not legal until the state finalizes regulations and begins to issue hemp farming licenses. Officials are expected to do so before the end of January, just in time for farmers to plant their first crop in the Spring of 2020.
“Here in Ohio, if you are manufacturing hemp products, which includes CBD oil, you have to get a license. Those facilities will be inspected by our safety staff to ensure sanitation and cleanliness. They’ll be treated essentially as a food manufacturing facility … because that product is going to be ingested by humans, so we want to make sure we are protecting Ohioans through the inspection of those facilities.” — David Miran, executive director ODA hemp program
Under the new hemp regulations, all hemp and CBD products are required to undergo lab testing to assure they fall within the legal level of less than 0.3 percent THC. Furthermore, products will be tested to assure that the amount of CBD claimed on the label is the amount of CBD actually in the product.
CBD In Ohio 2021 Complete Guide OH CBD 2021 In this Complete 2021 Ohio CBD Guide we’re going to discuss Ohio hemp and CBD laws as well as answer some of