Types of CBD
September 26, 2019
Types of CBD
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You keep hearing about it and seems about everyone you know is telling you ways CBD has given them relief. Maybe your co-worker is using it for anxiety and depression or an uncle who started using it for his neck pain. Perhaps your best friend started vaping CBD to relieve withdrawals from quitting smoking cigarettes. Has your grandma started using a pain cream to help calm her arthritis pains and back spasms? I know mine has.
What is this CBD people speak of? How does it work on such a wide variety of problems; from mental, to physical and internal to external? Does it have you wondering what’s the best type of CBD for you to take with so many available options? Let’s take a deeper look into the different types of CBD and how to choose the best option for you!
There are three main types of CBD products that are currently being manufactured. These are Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, and Isolates. Below is a breakdown of each one.
The Difference Between Hemp and Marijuana
For the purpose of this blog we are referring to the cannabis sativa L plant, better known as “industrial hemp” or just “hemp”. The main difference between this plant and its more well-known Cannabis cousin (marijuana) is the percentage of THC. THC is the cannabinoid that is responsible for the psychotropic effects most associated with Cannabis. The law dictates that a cannabis plant containing less that 0.3% THC is considered “hemp” and therefore federally legal to grow. Anything over that percentage and its classified as Marijuana. Marijuana is bred to have high levels of THC and low levels of CBD while Hemp is bred to have very low THC levels but high CBD levels. This is what makes it the best source for extraction of your CBD supplements.
A Full Spectrum CBD product is derived from the whole hemp plant matter. That means taking the roots, stems, flowers and leaves and pressing, pulverizing, or power washing them to extract the oils from the plant. This will leave us with a full spectrum of cannabinoids (CBD, CBG, CBN, THC, etc.), terpenes (limonene, myrcene, etc.) and phytochemicals such as chlorophyll and other organic plant matter. The resulting oil will have a strong “hempy” taste and be dark in color. It will also contain 0.3% or less THC.
As briefly mentioned above, other commonly found cannabinoids are CBG, CBN, CBC, CBDV, and upwards of 200 or more all currently being studied for their own unique benefits. All of these cannabinoids including THC work symbiotically together to create an “entourage effect”. This entourage effects suggests that when all of the cannabinoids are present, they work best together. A full spectrum CBD product is going to cast the widest net when it comes to balancing out our endocannabinoid system.
One aspect that is currently being studied is if THC’s ability to “unlock” cannabinoid receptors allows its counterparts (CBD, CBG, CBN, etc.) to more efficiently balance out the Endocannabinoid System. Some within the industry will argue you have to have the THC to receive the benefits of CBD. This is flat untrue and mostly used as a common sales tactic. In reality, you can read a plethora of scientific articles that debunk that claim. A good analogy of the difference is to say THC is like a good stretch before going on a walk. It may give you a little better range of motion and allow you to go a bit farther during your exercise, but it isn’t to say that there are no health benefits if you go for a walk without stretching first.
>>CLICK HERE TO PURCHASE FULL SPECTRUM PRODUCTS
A broad spectrum CBD product is created from the same process as the full spectrum CBD product by taking the roots, stems, flower, and leaves. The difference is, after extraction, the THC compound is separated and removed entirely. This still leaves us with a great range of cannabinoids beyond CBD. Many people find themselves in a situation where they cannot have any THC in their system, so broad spectrum products are becoming the most valued form of CBD. A true broad spectrum will have no trace amounts of THC but will give you an otherwise full cannabinoid profile which will include CBD, CBG, CBN, CBDV, and other potential cannabinoids, allowing you to maintain the “entourage effect”. For many people looking to get the health benefits without the concern of the psychotropic component of the plant, broad spectrum CBD products are the most effective choice.
Another reason why someone might want to choose a broad-spectrum product would be due to having a job or are in a position for drug screens. Many people fall into this category from bus drivers, construction workers, nurses, and government employees. All have to be careful when choosing the right CBD products. When choosing a broad spectrum product for this reason, always make sure you are purchasing from a company that supplies third party lab testing or a COA (certificate of analysis) to verify there is no detectible THC within the product. With our KC Hemp Co. tinctures, you can easily scan the QR code on the bottom of every bottle for instant access to the third party lab tests showing the full cannabinoid profile in that bottle.
You also will want to be cognizant of the carrier oils in the products. Hemp seed oil is often used as a carrier oil and makes for a great delivery system for the CBD, but it can potentially cause false negatives on drug screenings. For this reason, KC Hemp Co. only uses USDA Certified Organic MCT Oil (fractionated coconut oil). In doing so, it also provides a much cleaner tasting product and clearer in color.
>>CLICK HERE TO PURCHASE BROAD SPECTRUM PRODUCTS
Isolates are exactly how they sound, a single isolated compound from the plant. This is typically done through a supercritical CO2 extraction. Through this process the oils, chlorophyll, plant material and all other compounds are removed leaving behind a 99% pure CBD product. The exciting thing about isolates is that you can now find other cannabinoids isolated such as CBG and CBN. As more research is conducted on the hundreds of known cannabinoids, we will be able to specifically target their interactions with the body and all health benefits associated with them. This makes it exciting to be able to customize cannabinoid profiles by combining isolated cannabinoids to form a new product based on your health and wellness needs. Basically, CBD isn’t the only cannabinoid that has the potential to provide major health benefits and the future only looks brighter for the cannabis plant!
>>CLICK HERE TO PURCHASE ISOLATE PRODUCTS
Now that you know what the different types of CBD products are, hop on over to our recent blog post on ways to take CBD. Where Austin Williams, discusses the benefits of the many different ways to take CBD.
A Full Spectrum CBD product is derived from the whole hemp plant matter.A broad spectrum CBD product is created from the same process as the full spectrum CBD. The difference is, after extraction, the THC compound is separated and removed entirely. Isolates are a single isolated CBD compound.
Beginner’s Guide to CBD
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The safety and long-term health effects of using e-cigarettes or other vaping products still aren’t well known. In September 2019, federal and state health authorities began investigating an outbreak of a severe lung disease associated with e-cigarettes and other vaping products . We’re closely monitoring the situation and will update our content as soon as more information is available.
By now, you’ve probably heard someone mention CBD, especially if you live with a chronic condition like pain or anxiety.
As U.S. states begin to legalize both medical and recreational cannabis, the market has enjoyed an influx of readily available CBD. Despite all the publicity, though, many people are unsure of what CBD is, how it can help them, and if it’s even legal.
If you’re looking to try CBD but aren’t sure where to start, we put together this quick, handy guide to answer your questions and help clear up some of the common misconceptions surrounding CBD and its uses.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of many active compounds found in the Cannabis plant. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is another active compound and the most well-known, thanks to its psychoactive properties — it’s the one that gets you “high.”
CBD is nonpsychoactive but has a number of the same medical benefits as THC. This allows you to take advantage of the therapeutic benefits without leaving you with the “stoned” feeling that often goes hand in hand with THC.
That said, marijuana-derived CBD products, or CBD products that contain THC, may be more effective than fiber hemp. But if you live in a state that hasn’t yet legalized medical marijuana or these strains are unavailable, you can still benefit from products containing industrial hemp-derived CBD.
We suggest checking your state’s laws regarding CBD oil.
There’s not a lot of research on CBD, but the results of what has been studied are promising. Some studies have found CBD may be effective in providing relief from various mental health conditions, including:
- anxiety disorders
- post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
It may be effective for physical conditions as well. One study on rats found that CBD oil may treat pain associated with arthritis, while another study on human cells found that CBD cream was an effective anti-inflammatory.
Likewise, CBD has also been proven to help treat childhood epilepsy and other seizure disorders. Some evidence points to CBD’s anticancer properties and benefits in managing the side effects of cancer treatment.
More research is needed to determine the benefits of using CBD as a treatment for mental and physical health conditions.
CBD is available in several different forms. This allows people to tailor their method of use to their specific need. Here are the most common forms of CBD:
Oils and tinctures
These liquids, usually oils, are infused with CBD and placed under the tongue with a dropper. The oral mucosa is full of tiny capillaries that absorb the compounds quickly.
Oils and tinctures are a good choice for anyone who can’t take pills or capsules.
Creams and lotions
CBD-infused topicals are used to treat muscle and joint pain. They can also treat some skin conditions, like eczema and psoriasis.
Capsules and pills
CBD capsules and pills are used for systemic treatment of seizure disorders and digestive issues. The Food and Drug Administration recently approved Epidiolex, the first high-potency CBD drug to treat seizure disorders.
There’s one drawback with capsule forms, though. The time from ingestion to onset of effect can take a while.
Gummies are one of the most popular ways to take CBD. They’re affordable, portable, discrete, and tasty. There’s also no guesswork involved: You know exactly what dose you’re taking.
Inhaling vaporized CBD oil, like e-cigs for CBD, is the fastest way to experience effects. Compounds are inhaled and absorbed directly from the lungs into the bloodstream.
The jury is still out, though, on whether vaping does damage to delicate lung tissue. Proceed with caution if you choose to vape CBD.
You should generally start with a low dosage and go slow with increasing your dose. There may also be variations in actual CBD content between products. Use caution when starting a new package or switching dose forms.
According to Lindsay Slowiczek, PharmD, “It’s important to start with a low dose until you know how your body will react to CBD. A wide range of CBD dosages has been tested in clinical studies, but more evidence is needed before safe and effective dose recommendations can be made for specific uses.”
“For now, use the product’s recommended dose unless your doctor gives you the go-ahead to take larger doses,” she continued. “People with certain health conditions, such as liver disease, may need lower doses to avoid serious side effects.”
When considering dosage, here are a few things to keep in mind:
- If you’re using CBD for seizure treatment, talk with your doctor about the best product and dose.
- Many oils come in 1 milligram per drop concentrations, so increasing dosage is straightforward. But be sure to read product labels closely to ensure you know what amount each drop provides.
- Gummies can also come in standard doses, often 5 milligrams per gummy. But be sure to clarify this before changing your dose.
- Vape oil dosing can also be tricky. It depends on exactly how much you inhale and the concentration of the vaping liquid.
- Use creams and lotions sparingly at first.
Want to learn more about CBD? Click here for more product reviews, recipes, and research-based articles about CBD from Healthline.
Is CBD Legal? Hemp-derived CBD products (with less than 0.3 percent THC) are legal on the federal level, but are still illegal under some state laws. Marijuana-derived CBD products are illegal on the federal level, but are legal under some state laws. Check your state’s laws and those of anywhere you travel. Keep in mind that nonprescription CBD products are not FDA-approved, and may be inaccurately labeled.
Kristi is a freelance writer and mother who spends most of her time caring for people other than herself. She’s frequently exhausted and compensates with an intense caffeine addiction. Find her on Twitter.
If you live with a chronic condition like pain or anxiety, you’ve probably heard about CBD alongside medical marijuana. But what exactly is CBD, anyway? Can it actually help treat chronic conditions? Is it even legal? If you’re looking to try CBD but aren’t sure where to start, here’s the research and answers you need.